This, the first implementation of GenerationPMTO, was initiated in 1999 and supported by two Norwegian Ministries: Family and Children Affairs and Social and Health Affairs. The collaboration between the Norwegian and ISII teams contributed to the structure and process of the full transfer approach employed in future GenerationPMTO implementations. The Norwegian government established the Norwegian Center for Child Behavioral Development (NUBU) to ensure effective integration of intervention and research. The center has been vital in building and maintaining implementation infrastructure for evidence-based programs in Norway and conducting research on multiple adaptations of the program.
The implementation was conducted nationwide in child welfare and child mental community clinics with 34 community practitioners certified as PMTO Specialists in 2001 to form the first generation of this full transfer program. In 2014, there were over 600 registered PMTO practitioners in more than 300 workplaces throughout the nation. By 2017, the Norwegian team had trained seven generations of clinicians, with a 94% rate of certification (Askeland, Forgatch, Apeland, Reer, & Grønlie, 2019). Services provided to families include individual family treatment, parent groups (PTC), a prevention program (TIBIR), and telehealth delivery. The community of PMTO professionals is led by the National Implementation Team (NIT), composed of select leaders representing all regions in the nation. The NIT serves as the kingpin for implementation of Norwegian GenerationPMTO and continues to train its own leaders, trainers, coaches, and fidelity raters for future generations. Norway PMTO and NUBU, its research center in Oslo, continues to innovate and produce peer-reviewed research articles about the effects of PMTO in Norway. Additionally, Norway PMTO participates as one of the European SPARE project sites.
Research includes randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the individual family format, parent groups, brief parent training, and a program providing services to the ethnic minorities of immigrant Somali and Pakistani mothers in Norway (Askeland et al., 2019; Hagen, Ogden, & Bjørnebekk, 2011; Kjøbli, Hukkelberg, & Ogden, 2013; Terje Ogden, Forgatch, Askeland, Patterson, & Bullock, 2005) (Kjøbli & Ogden, 2012;(Bjørknes, Kjøbli, Manger, & Jakobsen, 2012). The research team has also conducted several methodological studies (e.g.,(Bjørnebekk, Kjøbli, & Ogden, 2015; Hukkelberg & Ogden, 2013; Terje Ogden et al., 2012; Tømmeraas & Ogden, 2017).
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